Bringing prosperity to Nigeria's poor through energy and climate change ideas and action
This paper provides a broad overview of the state of low-carbon development in Nigeria and its relevance to the ‘access to energy’ agenda. The paper identifies key elements of climate compatible development, enabling policies, emerging investments, existing local level implementation efforts, and the role of international partnerships. It offers insights into how the low-carbon development agenda can help to promote access to energy for poor and isolated communities in Nigeria.
The Nigerian economy depends on fossil fuel extraction and export, yet 60 per cent of its people live without access to electricity or modern cooking fuels. Can a shift to a lower-carbon economy help to increase energy access and reduce poverty? Nigeria’s low carbon policy framework is evolving in response to international obligations and incentives, and the need to develop more options for power generation. As signatory to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Kyoto Protocol, Nigeria has made international commitments to promoting low-carbon development.
Nigeria experiences a remarkable paradox – the abundance of energy resources and widespread energy poverty. Only about 40% of the population has access to the country’s grid electricity. About 72% of the population depends on traditional fuelwood for cooking. Despite this, government financing of energy services that benefits majority of Nigeria’s population has been grossly inadequate. Private sector investments and donor support have not fared better.
A collaboration between USAID Nigeria and ICEED that seeks to install efficient institutional woodstoves in public secondary schools in Cross River and Lagos States.
Nigeria experiences a tremendous paradox – the abundance of energy resources and widespread poverty. The country is home to 102 million extreme poor – one-in-four of Sub-Sahara Africa’s total. It is also the region’s largest exporter of crude oil. Today, low access to energy services accounts, in part, for the slow progress against poverty in the country.
The scandal of poverty, suffered by billions of people around the globe, could soon become far worse. It is being exacerbated by the effects of climate change,which are already having an impact in some parts of the world, with an increase in severe tropical cyclones, drought, falling crop productivity, rising sea levels and shrinking glaciers.
How can developed countries best help developing countries finance climate-friendly energy investments?
This paper focuses on the emerging debate concerning the creation of ‘low-carbon’ jobs.
The purpose of this paper is to survey the current international climate negotiations and to outline the areas that may be of material interest to national environmental regulators ahead of December’s United Nations Conference on Climate Change in Copenhagen.
If governments are bold and ambitious in developing markets for low?carbon technologies, then they will maximise the economic benefits and stand a greater chance of creating more jobs. That is the simple message from a new Global Climate Network (GCN) study currently underway in nine member countries and due to be completed and published in October 2009.
Overcoming the barriers to the development and wide deployment of low-carbon technology
Energy demand in Nigeria is growing fast and, being a developing country, this trend is likely to continue.Nigeria’s plentiful and varied energy resources are mainly conventional or non-renewable, such as crude petroleum oil, natural gas, coal, tar sand and uranium.
However, the country’s current power sector planning process mainly favours conventional centralised gas fired generation. By 2020, this is set to comprise 74 per cent of the country’s total electricity output.
Prospects for Africa – Rethinking Biomass Energy in Sub-Sahara Africa Significant Energy Resources amid Growing Poverty
The Policy Guidelines on Renewable Electricity (herein referred to as the Policy Guidelines) is the Federal Government of Nigeria’s overarching policy on all electricity derived from renewable energy sources. The Policy Guidelines sets out the Federal Government’s vision, policies and objectives for promoting renewable energy in the power sector.
The Federal Government of Nigeria’s vision of renewable energy in the power sector is the achievement of accelerated sustainable development through affordable access to reliable renewable electric power.
The Renewable Energy Master Plan (REMP) articulates Nigeria’s vision and sets out a road map for increasing the role of renewable energy in achieving sustainable development.