EU Support in Borno State, Nigeria

Partnership To Rebuild Communities

The International Centre for Energy, Environment and Development (ICEED) in partnership with Mercy Corps is implementing the European Union funded “Borno MAIDA Project – Support for Response, Recovery and Resilience in Borno State”. The project seeks to support the recovery of up to 200,000 men, women, adolescent boys and girls who are returnees, IDPs and host community members affected by the insurgency in Borno State. The goal of the project is to increase social cohesion, recovery and resilience to economic, social and climate-related shocks for conflict-affected communities in Biu, Hawul, Kwaya Kusar, Mafa, Jere, Bama/Gwoza LGAs of Borno State.


Borno MAIDA Outcomes

The project will achieve the following:

1.   Improve rural livelihoods in an ecologically sustainable way by enabling households to take advantage of existing and new agricultural market opportunities;

2.   Adolescents and youth empowered as economic actors in their communities through access to employment and diversified livelihoods opportunities, financial services, vocational training and development initiatives;

3.   Improved access to social protection and community-based services for women, youth and adolescent breadwinners and other at-risk groups; and

4.   Social cohesion strengthened within and between conflict-affected communities and environmental resource management improved in areas of displacement and return.


Borno MAIDA Sustainable Energy Access Activities

To achieve the expected outcomes of the project, ICEED will be is providing life-saving renewable energy services. These services include:

-Market aligned vocational training for youths on sustainable household energy solutions;
-Delivery of solar energy solutions for households and institutions in the target areas; and
-Delivery of fuel-efficient wood stoves across the target LGAs.


To achieve these deliverables, the following activities will be carried out:

1.   Youths receive market-aligned vocational training – The project will build the technical and business capacity of 140 male and female youths on solar systems design, installation, maintenance, sales and after-sales services. A similar training will be organized for another 140 male and female youths on fuel-efficient stoves production and sales.

2.   Cash grants for livelihood start-up and apprenticeships provided to 280 adolescents and youths assessed to have interest and potential – The project will facilitate the provision of conditional cash grants to the trainees. Beyond providing the grants, continuous mentorship support, as well as linkages to apprenticeship programmes, will be provided to the trained persons.

3.   Health and educational facilities in key locations equipped with solar energy kits to reduce protection risks for women and children, and reduce gaps in services resulting from energy deficiencies – The project will provide solar PV systems for 12 health and education facilities in the target areas. In providing the installations, the vocational trainees will be actively involved, thus enhancing their skills and visibility. Each institution will be provided with a robust 5KVA solar PV system that ensures they operate even beyond dusk. ICEED will conduct pre and post-installation assessment to evaluate the impacts of the installations and opportunities for replication.

ICEED is delivering the following results to the MAIDA project:

1.   Provision of fuel-efficient wood stoves to women and adolescent girls – ICEED will identify the most vulnerable and at risk households and undertake a pilot where 10,000 stoves will be provided to beneficiaries through vouchers. The overall aim is to stimulate demand for the industry, thus creating livelihood opportunities for the vocational trainees.

2.   Micro solar home systems installations for 650 households provided with shelter – Mercy Corps plans to reconstruct 650 shelters as part of its intervention. To complement this effort, ICEED will provide the reconstructed households with solar household kits. The installations will be based on minimum agreed standards and specifications.


Linkages to the Borno State Early Recovery Plan
The project is an integral part of the early recovery intervention in Borno State. The sustainable energy component completely aligns with the plans of a number of early recovery and humanitarian sectors. ICEED is in partnership with WFP, FAO, DRC, ACF, Caritas, the Australian High Commission, Already, about 21,000  life-saving fuel-efficient stoves have been delivered as part of the humanitarian response in the Northeast. This represents about 25,200  of trees saved.  With a proven efficiency of 60%, about 23,000 tons of CO2 have been saved. Also, with an average of 6 households per family, about 120,000 women and children have been saved from excessive smoke inhalation.

ICEED contributes to other sectors in the following ways:


European Union

Food Securtiy

One of the attainments of food security is access to fuels and stoves for cooking. Most times, conflict affected people receive food without fuels and stoves to cook. The stoves to be distributed by the project will complement food security efforts of the humanitarian community.

Protection, Health & Education

An assessment conducted by ICEED and Mercy Corps in 2017 showed that almost all the households in the target LGAs use traditional firewood stoves for cooking. Access to this fuel has declined over the years, and exacerbated by increased insurgent activities around all liberated areas, making it dangerous to venture for firewood. Reports of GBV in communities and IDP camps as a result of the quest for firewood are on the increase. In the kitchens, women and children are exposed to smoke from traditional cooking fires. According to the World Health Organization, smoke from cooking fires kills over 95,000 annually. The introduction of fuel efficient cookstoves will greatly reduce the quest for firewood, reduced GBV and improved health for cooks in the households.

In addition, the project will provide access to solar electricity to 12 health and educational institutions and 650 homes across the target LGAs. Provision of electricity to health institutions will enhance service delivery, including reduced maternal and child mortality. For education institutions supplied with solar, the learning environment of the students will be enhanced and they are able to undertake after-dark lessons. Their school environment will be better illuminated thus enhancing their after-school social activities. The solar home systems will improve household lighting and eliminate dependence on smoky lighting appliances.


The planned technical and business development for the 280 persons on solar and cookstove technologies will expand their livelihood opportunities. The planned grant disbursement, ongoing apprenticeship and mentor-ship support will ensure the 280 beneficiaries establish solar and cook stove businesses. It is the overall objective that a core of sustainable household energy business champions established in the target areas that go beyond the planned number of beneficiaries.

Safe Access To Fuels & Energy (SAFE)

The solar energy systems and fuel-efficient wood stoves to be provided by the project will ensure that at least 10,650 households and 12 public institutions have access to these life-saving household energy solutions. ICEED led the process for the formation of the SAFE humanitarian subsector and continues to play an important role to ensure objectives are achieved.