Improving the fuel wood balance in seven Local Government Areas in Katsina State
The northern Nigeria soudano-sahelian zone has seen continued population growth, resulting in increased agriculture and ensuing in deforestation and desertification. Afforestation projects in the 1990s resulted in vast shelter belts and modest farmer-managed wind breaks, woodlots and natural regeneration. Nonetheless, the population uses four times more fuel wood than the area produces.
Intensifying farmer-managed fuel wood production and reducing fuel wood consumption can bring back the balance.
The International Centre for Energy, Environment and Development (ICEED) in partnership with Oxfam and with support from the European Union and National Planning Commission, has embarked on a project to restore the fuel wood balance in Katsina, northern Nigeria. Tagged “Improving the fuel wood balance in seven LGAs in Katsina”, the project seeks to sustainably improve the fuel-wood balance and resilience of livelihoods of rural households in Mashi, Mai Adua, Dutsi, Daura, Sandamu, Zango, Baure Local Government Areas in Katsina state.
The project will be implemented from 2014 to 2018 and among other things aims to increase wood supply by establishing Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration and other sustainable agroforestry models with more than 5.5 million additional trees planted and/or maintained generating income for beneficiaries in target areas, whilst reducing fuel wood demand through dissemination and use of fire wood efficient stoves.
The project will provide the target population with hands-on means and methods to initiate and maintain appropriate agroforestry models such as Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration to protect private and public land, but also to generate employment and income so that people remain motivated to plant and maintain trees. This is in addition to capacity building for 140 artisans on the production and dissemination of fuel wood reduction stoves.
By the end of the project, at least 35,000 fuel wood reduction stoves will be produced and disseminated to households in the project LGAs; 140 local artisans will be trained and engage in stove production and sales; partnerships will be built with government, market groups finance institutions and civil societies in the project state. The aim is to establish thriving stove businesses.